HTTP Return Codes

(100-199) Informational There are a few official codes in the one hundred range. If you see one you have probably stumbled onto some sort of experimental application. In this case, what you see will be non-standard and could be almost anything. 100 Continue An interim response telling the browser the initial part of its request has been received and not rejected by the server. A final response code should be sent when the remainder of the material has been sent. 101 Switching Protocols The browser may wish to change protocols it's using. If such a request is sent and approved by the server this response is given. (200-299) Success The two hundred range codes are reserved for successful responses. You probably won't see one of these codes, but your browser will receive them and know that whatever request was sent by the browser was received, understood, and accepted. 200 OK The request was successful and information was returned. This is, by far, the most common code returned on the web. 201 Created If a POST command is issued by a browser (usually in processing a form) then the 201 code is returned if the resource requested to be created was actually created. If there is a delay in creating the resource the response should be 202, but may be 201 and contain a description of when it will be created. 202 Accepted If a request for processing was sent and accepted but not acted upon and the delay in acting is unknown, then this code should be sent instead of 201. Note that 202 does not commit to processing the request; it only says the request was accepted. A pointer to some status monitor for the task is often included with this response so users can check back later. 203 Non-Authoritative Information Usually the preliminary information sent from a server to a browser comes directly from the server. If it does not, then this code might also be sent to indicate that information did not come from a known source. 204 No New Content The request was accepted and filled but no new information is being sent back. The browser receiving this response should not change its screen display (although new, and changed, private header information may be sent). 205 Reset Content When you fill in a form and send the data, the server may send this code telling the browser that the data were received and the action carried out so the browser should now clear the form (or reset the display in some manner). 206 Partial Content This code indicates the server has only filled part of a specific type of request. (300-399) Redirection The three hundred range codes indicate some need for further action by your browser. User action may or may not be necessary to cause this further action to take place; often it will just happen automatically. There are safeguards built into the specification designed to prevent infinite loops, which can sometimes result from automatic redirection. 300 Multiple Choice You should not see 300 standing alone; it serves as a template for the following specific codes. 301 Moved Permanently As the name implies, the addressed resource has moved and all future requests for that resource should be made to a new URL. Sometimes there is an automatic transfer to the new location. 302 Moved Temporarily The addresses resource has moved, but future requests should continue to come to the original URL. Sometimes there is an automatic transfer to the new location. 303 See Other The response to your browser's request can be found elsewhere. Automatic redirection may take place to the new location. 304 Not Modified In order to save bandwidth your browser may make a conditional request for resources. The conditional request contains an "If-Modified-Since" field and if the resource has not changed since that date the server will simply return the 304 code and the browser will use its cached copy of the resource. 305 Use Proxy This is notice that a specific proxy server must be used to access the resource. The URL of the proxy should be provided. (400-499) Client Error The four hundred range codes are the ones you are most likely actually to see, particularly code 404. These codes indicate some sort of error has happened. 400 Bad Request The server did not understand the request. This is usually cured by resending the request. 401 Unauthorised The request requires some form of authentication (e.g. user-id and/or password) but did not contain it. Usually, this code results in a box popping up in your browser asking you for the required information. Once you supply it the request is sent again. 402 Payment Required Reserved for future use. [Who says the web is not moving toward being a commercial medium!] 403 Forbidden This is a sort of catch-all refusal. If the server understood the request but, for whatever reason, refuses to fill it, a code 403 will often be returned. The server may or may not explain why it is sending a 403 response and there is not much you can do about it. 404 Not Found If you happen to mistype a URL or enter an old one that no longer exists, this is the error you will likely see. The condition may be temporary or permanent but this information is rarely provided. Sometimes code 403 is sent in place of 404. 405 Method Not Allowed Your browser has requested a resource using a procedure not allowed to obtain that resource. The response should contain allowed procedures. 406 Not Acceptable Your browser said only certain response types will be accepted and the server says the content requested does not fit those response types. (This is one way content monitoring can be implemented). 407 Proxy Authentication Required This code is similar to 401, except that the browser must first authenticate itself. 408 Request Timeout Your browser waited too long and the server timed out. A new request must be sent. 409 Conflict If a site allows users to change resources and two users attempt to change the same resource there is a conflict. In this, and other such situations, the server may return the 409 code and should also return information necessary to help the user (or browser) resolve the conflict. 410 Gone Code 410 is more specific than 404 when a resource can't be found. If the server knows, for a fact, that the resource is no longer available and no forwarding address is known, then 410 should be returned. If the server does not have specific information about the resource, then 404 is returned. 411 Length Required For some processes a server needs to know exactly how long the content is. If the browser does not supply the proper length code 411 may result. 412 Precondition Failed A browser can put conditions on a request. If the server evaluates those conditions and comes up with a false answer, the 412 code may be returned. 413 Request Entity Too Large If your browser makes a request that is longer than the server can process code 413 may be returned. Additionally, the server may even close the connexion to prevent the request from being resubmitted (this does not mean a phone connexion will hang up; just that the browser's link to the site may be terminated and have to be started over again). 414 Request-URI Too Long You will likely not see this one as it is rare. But, if the resource address you've sent to the browser is too long this code will result. One of the reasons this code exists is to give the server a response when the server is under attack by someone trying to exploit fixed-length buffers by causing them to overflow. 415 Unsupported Media Type If your browser makes a request using the wrong format, this code may result. (500-599) Server Error Codes in the five hundred range indicate cases where the server knows it has made an error or is not capable of answering the request. In most cases the server should include some information explaining the error and say if the situation is temporary or permanent. 500 Internal Server Error An unexpected condition prevented the server from filling the request. 501 Not Implemented The server is not designed (or does not have the software) to fill the request. 502 Bad Gateway When a server acts as a go-between it may receive an invalid request. This code is returned when that happens. 503 Service Unavailable This code is returned when the server cannot respond because of temporary overloading or maintenance. Some users, for example, have limited accounts which can only handle so many requests per day or bytes send per period of time. When the limits are exceeded a 503 code may be returned. 504 Gateway Timeout A gateway or proxy server timed out without responding. 505 HTTP Version Not Supported The browser has requested a specific transfer protocol version that is not supported by the server. The server should return what protocols are supported.

[End of document, updated to 12 April 2005]